[Many thanks to Teo Freytes for bringing this item to our attention.] Charlotte Scott (NBC News) writes, “Small-scale farmers usually grow and harvest tobacco leaves while artisans craft the cigars. But these young Puerto Rican farmers and artists do both.”
Small-scale farmers usually grow and harvest tobacco leaves while artisans craft the cigars. But these young Puerto Rican farmers and artists do both. On an island that imports over 80 percent of the food it consumes, Francisco Castro aspired to have his own farm, where he could grow fruits and vegetables that are 100 percent free of pesticides and chemicals.
His vision came to life five years ago when he founded HidrOrgánica. He now sells the produce he grows to local residents, restaurants and Freshmart, a chain of organic grocery stores on the island. “He who controls the seeds controls life,” Castro, 29, said.
Hurricane Maria brought devastation to Puerto Rico in 2017, destroying most of the island’s crops. But Castro saw an opportunity to expand his farm’s operation to include tobacco. “After Hurricane Maria, there was a great food crisis,” he said. “It became a national security issue. We believe in this model of farming that’s ecological and helps the community.”
With tobacco, Castro said, “we hope to create jobs on the farm but also through the entire process, from distribution, to sales, to exports.” Castro’s idea to expand into the tobacco business came after his brother, Antonio, 37, lost his job as a personal trainer after the storm destroyed the gym he worked at. Antonio met Walter Fernández, 39, who works at his parent’s business, Cigar House, in Old San Juan at an art event. From there, a partnership was born.
Fernandez and the Castro brothers are artists and farmers with an interest in tobacco and cigars. In 2018, they combined their talents to found El Club del Turro, English for “Cigar Club.” They’re in the first stages of harvesting and storing tobacco leaves, with hopes of making El Club del Turro cigars to sell. Tobacco on the island didn’t used to be controlled by small farmers. From 1907 to 1917, tobacco was a top three cash crop along with sugar and coffee. From 1921 to 1940, tobacco was Puerto Rico’s second-leading export, according to Jorge Duany, author of “Puerto Rico: What Everyone Needs to Know.”
That changed with industrialization, according to Maribel Martínez Delgado, who promotes the culture and history of the town of Caguas, which used to be a major producer of tobacco. But small Puerto Rican farmers like the Castros are trying to get the tobacco industry up and running again.
Tobacco plants take four months to grow on Castro’s farm. Once the leaves start to turn yellow, they’re ready to harvest. Castro then hangs the leaves to dry in a humidity-controlled barn for 45 days. Finally, the tobacco leaves are wrapped in palm leaves and stored in a temperature-and-humidity controlled box made of Spanish wood or a Don Q Rum barrel for a minimum of one year. “Other leaves may be stored for more years through desired aging. More time equals better aromas, texture and taste,” Fernández said.
El Club del Turro’s cigars are flavored with ingredients that Fernández and the Castro brothers keep secret. “Francisco works with anyone who wants to work here,” Fernández said of his business partner. “It’s his lifestyle. He likes to work with a lot of people, help everyone he can help.” To create a cigar, Fernández and the Castro brothers roll together three to five leaves. They also mix yuca powder with water to create a natural glue to seal the corners of the cigar.
Other farmers on the island produce tobacco differently.
Guillermina Rosario has been growing tobacco with her husband, Jose González, on their farm in Isabela for about 30 years. The couple creates yarn-like balls of tobacco to sell to vendors, who turn them into cigars or chewing tobacco. One full-grown tobacco plant produces 36 rolls of tobacco. One yard of tobacco sells for $5 and 120 yards for $300.
“Right now, it’s an art,” said Martínez Delgado, who in addition to being the cultural promoter of Caguas, is a former employee of Puerto Rico’s Museo del Tabaco, or “Tobacco Museum,” which is all about tobacco growing and cigar making in Puerto Rico.
“Throughout the 19th century, Caguas tobacco was recognized as having the best quality, thus turning the city into an outstanding cigar-manufacturing center,” according to Museo del Tabaco.
Although Caguas no longer has tobacco factories, artisans at Museo del Tabaco come to work for four hours each day to make cigars using tobacco leaves from the Dominican Republic. They’re sold under the Museo del Tabaco label, five for $10.
Importing leaves and tobacco from other countries is not uncommon. Cigars in Puerto Rico are typically imported from places like the Dominican Republic and Nicaragua, Fernandez said. Even the Cigar House brand is made in Nicaragua with Don Pepín García cigars.
Regardless of where the cigar is produced, Fernández said tobacco is smoked for its flavor and the experience. [. . .] “This isn’t something you smoke as a vice, that you do all the time because you have to burn certain anxiety. Tobacco is about time, talking, having a conversation, learning things. Tobacco is something cultural.”[. . .] “This is something that comes from the earth. It’s an economic thing,” he said. “This provides sovereignty to a country. This is about the agriculture.” [. . .]
[Photo of Antonio and Francisco Castro by Charlotte Scott / USC Annenberg.]