A report by Julien Neaves for Newsday.
ON February 1 scores of Cuban migrants had to leave their temporary housing at a warehouse in Warrenville, Cunupia. They carried all their belongings up a dirt road and some of them wept openly. At the end of that road there was a patch of Caroni (1975) Ltd land which they eventually transformed into a makeshift camp. But with donations and assistance from individuals and church groups the Cubans have been making a semblance of a life for themselves.
Newsday visited the camp off the Southern Main Road last week. At the time some of the Cubans were sitting around a table playing dominoes and others lay on mattresses under tarpaulin, their belongings gathered around them. In the kitchen area there was an iron stove on the ground, two refrigerators and stack of toilet paper and groceries.
Ernesto Estrada, a fruit and vegetable vendor from Cuba who has been in Trinidad with his wife for a year and a half, told Newsday that the group has been receiving help from locals.
“Trinidadians all the time help (sic). They bring food, water. The bring the tarpaulin.”
Before the tarpaulin the Cubans covered their tents with plastic bags and still use plastic to fashion clothes lines.
Estrada said there were 60 at the camp and a second group of 19, made up of pregnant women and seven children ages two to 14, were staying at an apartment in the area with a Trinidadian.
The group receive water via a hose from a neighbour next to the camp which was previously used to water plants growing on the land. Estrada also showed Newsday the wooden shower and latrine they constructed. There is no electricity at the site and at nights there are two-man security shifts. Estrada said there have been no security incidents since they have been camped there.
Yahima Lopez Perez, one of 20 women at the camp site, told Newsday the living situation is very difficult.
“It is a hard situation, a sick situation. No security, nobody doing nothing. We not feeling safe.”
Estrada explained on a typical day the group wakes up at 6.30 when the sun comes into their tents and then they would work together, play dominoes and help their neighbour on the land.
The Cubans are seeking resettlement via the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) in the US or another country but in November their protests outside United Nations House, Chancery Lane led to 75 of them being arrested. They were released after two days and then businessman Churchill Azad Akaloo offered them housing at his Warrenville warehouse for 75 days. When their time at the warehouse ended the group decided to make their home on the agricultural land next to a helpful neighbour.
Estrada said he and the other Cubans left their country because they opposed the government.
“We never want to go back to Cuba.”
He said two weeks ago the group had a meeting with UNHCR and they told officials they had no place to stay. He reported officials told them that assistance would be provided only for vulnerable people. “We are not vulnerable people? I don’t understand. The UN not checking how we stay, if we eat, if we have water. The UN don’t give you nothing.”
He said the Cubans were hoping to be resettled within one or two years because this country does not have legislation for refugees. Without legislation the refugees and asylum seekers cannot work legally nor can their children go to school.
“How is it possible to live in Trinidad?” Estrada asked rhetorically.
He said it would be even more difficult to get a job with a police record after being arrested for protesting outside the UN.
“Refugee people in Trinidad not doing anything. You meeting with the UN they say it is the Government. The Government say it is the UN.”
Estrada said he did not know why the TT Government did not have legislation for refugees. He said the group was also having issues contacting their family back in Cuba and accused the Cuban government of blocking their messages. On a positive note Estrada said they have been receiving a lot of help from churches and people in the area.
They have received two gas tanks, a stove, a pot and galvanise sheets to place over the kitchen area. They were also visited by doctors from South Trinidad including one from Cuba. Estrada said some of the group have asthma and diabetes.
Estrada said the group needed any type of assistance.
“We no (sic) have nothing.”
Their neighbour, who asked not to be named, said the Cubans need help.
“They is (sic) human being like us. They have family like us.”
She said it was bad this country did not have legislation so the children could go to school and allowing them to work would assist with the situation.
The neighbour said the Cubans assist her on the land and when she harvests eddoes, cassava and peas she gives it to them. She also encouraged her friends from church to assist. Estrada said they were very thankful to the neighbour for her assistance.
Estrada said in the short term the camp was the place for the group. He recalled the group was visited by officials reportedly from the national security ministry who took pictures but left without speaking to them. National Security Minister Stuart Young in a media report said the Cubans were squatting on Caroni lands and the situation was being monitored.
Estrada said the group is seeking help from a lawyer to “fight” the UN and fix their problem.