#UpsideDownHistory Part One: Windrush
Instagram Residency winner Marsha Pearce blogs about her curatorial premise and the first series of images for the British Council “Americas in Britain” Art Project. Here are excerpts from the British Council blog:
[. . .] The Americas IN Britain – 2018 Caribbean Edition Instagram Residency, launched by the British Council in partnership with the National Portrait Gallery London, issues that challenge. It is not an explicit provocation. However, the call to respond, by way of a curated series of images, to four significant anniversaries shared by the Caribbean and the UK suggests one looks at the big picture. It suggests a broader consideration of issues of portrayal and representation while hinging the project on the genre of portraiture itself. [. . .]
[. . .] Once a substrate is identified, an artist begins mark making; applying foundational gestures. [. . .] Those contours took the form of a theme: Upside Down History, which is a line from the work of Jamaican poet Louise Bennett-Coverley also known as Miss Lou. Referencing Miss Lou for this project is relevant in a number of ways. Her life bears features of Caribbean and UK inter-connections. She won a British Council Scholarship to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London in 1945 and was the first black student there. She also worked as a host for a number of BBC radio shows. Of note, is her poem “Colonisation in Reverse,” which offers incisive commentary on the mass migration of Caribbean people to Britain. [. . .] With clear contours, I was ready to build some details. What were/are crucial features of the Windrush moment? [. . .]
Our decision to present portraits of Caribbean writers was an organic one – it grew naturally from an understanding of Louise Bennett-Coverley’s position in the landscape of the written and spoken word. Among those who came from the Caribbean to Britain in search of work were writers, poets and intellectuals. From the Gallery’s Collection, we chose Horace Ové’s photograph titled “The Lime.” It features Trinidad-born writers Samuel Selvon and John La Rose, along with Andrew Salkey, an author of Jamaican parentage. They are pictured liming or hanging out in London. We also selected Dawoud Bey’s polaroid print of Jamaica-born Stuart Hall. Hall became Director of the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies at Birmingham University in 1972 and Professor of Sociology at the Open University in 1979. Our other choices from the Collection were Grace Nichols, Linton Kwesi Johnson, John Agard and Benjamin Zephaniah. These writers signal the continued movement of literary creatives from the Caribbean to Britain, since the Windrush moment.
Regarding artwork from the Caribbean, I wanted to produce a multifaceted picture of the Windrush period and its sustained impact. It was important for me to offer a portrait of that moment with as much dimension as a brief Instagram Story would permit – a portrait with the tints and tones, the light and shadows. Therefore, I chose contemporary work by Caribbean artists that could address and stir a range of issues. Rodell Warner’s photograph from his Worker Portrait Series brings attention to labour as a feature of the Windrush moment. His image from his Closer series – a project in which he asks passersby in the street to stand with a stranger and make eye contact – highlights the notion of relations with others and the complexities of such interactions. Works from Keisha Scarville’s Passport series are interpretations of her father’s passport photos as she reflects on what she describes as the ‘shape-shifting effects’ of migration, including issues of belonging and silencing.
Kelley-Ann Lindo uses a photo of herself, taken as a child, to create work that addresses her family’s emigration and the associated phenomenon of barrel children – those left behind by family seeking a better life overseas. These children often receive barrels of supplies from family living abroad. Her portrait is a symbolic container or ‘barrel’ for narratives of loss and longing. The image by Oswald Merrique Jr describes the joy of receiving migrant remittances often sent via money transfer operators. Remittances to the Caribbean play a role in the region’s economy. Finally, the sculptural work from The John Beadle Project was a necessary component for underscoring the latest Windrush generation scandal, which has come with terrible treatment as the “right to remain” status of Caribbean migrants has been called into question. Beadle’s image of a figure described as a locked gate pinpoints xenophobia, constructs of “us” versus “them” and concerns about security, within ever-unfolding insider/outsider politics.
With Miss Lou’s work serving as the basis of this project, Clare, Louise and I felt that a portrait of her was essential for this first presentation of images. I reached out to Maria Papaefstathiou, a graphic designer, illustrator and co-founder of the International Reggae Poster Contest. She granted permission for use of her poster portrait of Miss Lou – a poster she designed as an award presented at the second annual Palaver International Literary Festival in Wasaga Beach, Ontario Canada.
The curated series of images we exhibited via social media on June 22, 2018 harnesses the strength of individual portraits to give an impression or “likeness” of the Windrush moment and its experiences.
Dr. Marsha Pearce [. . .] holds a B.A. in Visual Arts and a PhD in Cultural Studies from UWI. She is a Visual Arts lecturer at the Dept. of Creative and Festival Arts, The University of the West Indies (UWI). She has also served on the board of the National Museum and Art Gallery of Trinidad and Tobago. [. . .]
[Image above: Louise Bennett, Miss Lou, 2016, by Maria Papaefstathiou.]
For full article and series of artwork, see https://cu.live.solas.britishcouncil.digital/blog/americas-britain-windrush-2018