Colombia advances toward salvaging treasure from sunken Spanish galleon

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Reuters reports that Colombia is making progress toward salvaging the Spanish galleon named San José—which contains jewels and coins that sank more than 300 years ago—President Juan Manuel Santos said, after receiving a proposal from an investor to bring it to the surface. Historians think the San José is carrying one of the largest unsalvaged maritime treasures. It sank in 1708 near the historical Caribbean port of Cartagena, and its wreckage was located in 2015. [See previous post “Spanish galleon may contain biggest treasure haul ever found on seabed.”]

[. . .] “The discovery of this ship – one of the most important that navigated in our seas during colonial times – begins a new chapter in the cultural and scientific history, not only of Colombia, but of the entire world,” Santos said on national television from Cartagena. “Questions about navigation, world trade, about colonial costs, will be answered.”

The government will accept further offers to recover the ship and its treasure, Santos said. A museum will be built to showcase artifacts found in the wreckage. Santos did not disclose the investor behind the first proposal or its terms.

Sonar images have so far revealed bronze cannons made specifically for the ship, arms, ceramics and other artifacts. Archaeological excavation and scientific tests on the wreck will continue to ensure it can be properly preserved, Santos said.

The San Jose was part of the fleet of King Philip V, who fought the English during the War of Spanish Succession. Some 600 people died in the shipwreck when an English fleet engaged the galleon in a gun fight.

A team of international experts, the Colombian navy and the country’s archaeology institute discovered the wreck in 2015. The San Jose was the subject of a legal dispute between Colombia and Sea Search Armada, a U.S.-based salvage company, which said in 1981 it had located the area where the ship sank. The company and the government agreed to split any proceeds from the wreckage, but the government later said all treasure would belong to Colombia, a view that was backed by a U.S. court in 2011.

For original article, see https://www.reuters.com/article/us-colombia-shipwreck-idUSKBN19Q2N2

Image (“The sinking of the San José in 1708 off Cartagena,” painted by Samuel Scott) from https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/colombia-to-salvage-17bn-treasure-galleon-san-jos-vxqnk6h7d

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