Ernesto “Che” Guevara on U.S. Policies towards Cuba (1964)

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Fascinating post (via EthnoCuba, thanks to Julia Ardón and Sandra Abd’Allah). It is recording of the [then Commander] Ernesto “Che” Guevara interviewed by journalist Jean Dumur for Swiss television [Radio Télévision Suisse (RTS)] at the Intercontinental Hotel in Geneva on April 11, 1964; Guevara answers all the questions in quite fluent French. It is a timely recording; in the interview, Guevara speaks (in French) about developments in Cuba and the changing U.S. policies toward the country.

One of the important statement Guevara makes is that revolutionary Cuba is not developing policies according to what the U.S. does or wants, but rather what they feel is necessary for their country. Nevertheless, he says, we are attentive to what the U.S. does, because it is our enemy, it is very strong, and very close. He points out that there are some positive voices in the U.S. at the moment, underlining the language used by J.W. Fulbright*, for example, but these voices are contradicted by people such as Donald Rusk and Thomas Mann, who speak the “usual language”; therefore, Guevara states, there is no way of knowing whether Fulbright’s voice corresponds to a possible change in stance by the U.S. or whether his is just an isolated voice.

Guevara also answers questions about the imposed U.S. Embargo and the challenges posed by it, in view of how Cuba had previously depended on the U.S. for all the industrial, technical and technological activities; the arduous road to improving the economy; clarifications on the types of Soviet aid to Cuba; the (diplomatic, economic) relationships between Cuba and the rest of Latin America, due to U.S. influence (such as the expulsion of Cuba from the Organization of American States); and revolutionary efforts in other countries.

Watch the video via YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4I17ZSBTw6g

For more on J.W. Fulbright’s position, see http://www.nytimes.com/1964/03/26/fulbright-says-us-must-shed-myths-and-think-daringly-on-foreign-policy.html?_r=0

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