Panama Canal Expansion Stalled

Panama_Canal_Miraflores_Locks

Panama’s President Ricardo Martinelli said Thursday that he’ll travel to Italy and Spain to seek their governments’ help in resolving a $1.6 billion dispute that’s threatening to halt the Panama Canal’s expansion. Some Caribbean countries have been banking on the expansion of the canal for their own economic plans, such as Jamaica, which (according to the Gleaner) hopes to realize its own Logistics Hub project to bring investments.

The consortium responsible for most of the expansion issued an ultimatum Wednesday giving the Panama Canal Authority 21 days to pay for a cost overrun that’s roughly half of Grupo Unidos por el Canal’s original $3.2 billion bid to build a third set of locks. The consortium is formed by Spain’s Sacyr Vallehermoso, Impregilo of Italy, Jan De Nul of Belgium and Constructora Urbana SA of Panama. The canal authority says the companies are responsible for the extra costs.

President Ricardo Martinelli said that Italy and Spain “have a moral responsibility” to help resolve the dispute between the companies and Panama. “It’s not possible for a company to just announce an enormous amount of cost overruns, when they had already fixed a price,” Martinelli said. “And now they’re coming forward saying that the price has risen.” The Panama Canal Authority says the business consortium is unjustly trying to force it to pay for the cost overruns with the threat to halt work. Each side says the other is responsible for the added costs.

The Panama Canal’s administrator, Jorge Quijano, said the dispute won’t delay the completion of the canal expansion and that Panama is ready to finish it if necessary. [. . .] Quijano said Grupo Unidos por el Canal claims part of the increase in costs has to do with a hike in concrete prices but he added that the contract has clearly established “price escalation clauses.”

[. . .] The consortium won the contract to design and build a third set of locks with a $3.2 billion bid in 2009. Panama has estimated the full expansion program will cost $5.2 billion, with the new, wider locks allowing the 50-mile (80-kilometer) canal to handle ships far larger than those that can now navigate the century-old waterway.

Officials have most recently said the work should be finished by June 2015. Officials say the overall expansion work is 72 percent finished, with the locks themselves at 65 percent.

[. . .] Wikileaks cables from the U.S. Embassy said a confidential analysis by the American firm Bechtel, which lost the bid for the canal project , had claimed that Sacyr’s winning tender was unrealistic and would barely pay for the concrete, leading Spanish newspaper El País reported Thursday.

For original article, see http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/panama-seeks-international-canal-fight-21405742

Also see http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303370904579296071342783410 and http://jamaica-gleaner.com/latest/article.php?id=50298

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