Carmen Cañete Quesada has recently published a new book: El exilio español ante los programas de la identidad cultural en el Caribe insular (1934-1956) [Spanish Exile and Cultural Identity Programs in the Caribbean (1934-1956)], published in 2011 by Iberoamericana/Vervuert (Madrid / Frankfurt).
This work studies experiences in exile of Juan Ramón Jiménez (1881-1958), María Zambrano (1904-1991), and Eugenio Granell (1912-2001) in the Hispanic Caribbean in the decades between the 1930s and the 50s. It focuses on their contribution to various programs dealing with cultural identity that had been developed in the Caribbean at that time. More particularly, the book explores the links both Zambrano and Jiménez maintained with the Generación del Treinta [The 30s Generation] in Puerto Rico and young writers who would later form the group Orígenes [Origins] in Cuba, as well as Granell’s contribution to the birth of the generation of Dominican poets known as Poesía Sorprendida.
These three groups of artists and local writers claimed that Spanish roots were a distinctive feature of their societies to the detriment of other no less important components, such as indigenous or African influences. Favored by this interest, the Spanish newcomers participated in these cultural programs with enthusiasm while managing to preserve their own identity in the former Spanish colonies.