On December 29, Cuban elementary school children re-enacted the Battle of Santa Clara, the last battle of the Cuban Revolution in late 1958. Two guerrilla columns attacked the city, one led by Ernesto Che Guevara, the other by Camilo Cienfuegos. Guevara’s column first attacked the garrison at Fomento, before moving on to destroy the railroad tracks and derail a train full of Batista troops and supplies. Cienfuegos defeated an army garrison at the Battle of Yaguajay, outside of the city. The city was captured on December 31 in a battle that became the decisive moment in the Cuban Revolution. Batista fled Cuba just after news reached him of the defeat.
The students re-enacting the battle left at dawn from the History Hall of the Universidad Central de las Villas, headquarters of the Columna Ocho Ciro Redondo, marching towards the city carrying Cuban and 26th of July Movement flags. Member of the José Martí Pioneer Organizations re-enacted the attack on the armored train at the site of the monument in memory of the battle, which now features a statue of Che Guevara.